Germany enjoys good relations with Tanzania which have developed over many years. Tanzania is one of the most dynamic growth markets in the region. For around ten years, the country has achieved high economic growth and was granted the status of a Lower Middle Income Country in mid‑2020. Nevertheless, Tanzania continues to be one of the poorest countries in the world with around a quarter of the population living below the poverty line.
The country has thus long been one of Germany’s most important partners for development cooperation projects in sub‑Saharan Africa. Priorities of Tanzanian‑German cooperation are healthcare, water supply and sanitation, protecting national parks and preserving biodiversity. Germany is, alongside the United States, one of the largest donors in the area of nature and environmental protection in Tanzania. The Federal Government is also supporting programmes to strengthen good governance and a project in the area of energy supply.
Trade between Germany and Tanzania has grown considerably in the past but has been stagnating in recent years and remains low with a volume of 300 million US dollars. The German Chamber of Commerce Abroad opened an office in Dar es Salaam in 2018 to support trade relations. Individual companies have managed to enter the market despite difficult circumstances. Government steps to combat corruption seem to be taking effect gradually.
The COVID‑19 pandemic has had a major effect on Tanzania’s economic situation, particularly on foreign trade and the tourism sector with its many German actors. The economic impact of the lack of tourism is not yet entirely clear but even at this stage is worrying. The lack of income affects the management of the national parks and poses challenges to German engagement when it comes to protecting national parks and preserving biodiversity.
In spring 2018, Tanzania ratified the Paris Climate Agreement and Germany is helping the country plan its implementation.
Germany's work in the area of culture is highly respected. A cultural agreement has been in force since 1992. Cultural relations focus on academic exchange and promoting German as a foreign language. In addition to university cooperation schemes and the granting of scholarships from the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), a number of town‑twinning initiatives are in place. The Goethe‑Institut in Dar es Salaam offers language courses and a cultural programme. Other cultural priorities arising from our common history include cultural preservation and cooperation in the museum sector.